Open-source software is computer software in which the source code is freely available to the general public for use or modification from its original design. Anyone can use the program for any purpose, as there are no licensing fees or any other type of restrictions on the software.
The programs written in a high-level languages like C++, Java, python, etc. are called source code. Open source software is freely available software and source code is also free of cost.
So, open-source software are called free software.
What is open source code?
Open source code is typically created as a collaborative effort in which programmers improve upon the code and share the change within the community.
Many open-source projects, such as Linux, use the GPL, or GNU General Public License. The GPL mandates that anybody who changes an open-source program and distributes over a network work must distribute the source code for that work.
Some examples of open-source software are Linux, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apache HTTP Server, etc.
A program like the Linux operating system and Netscape’s browser has become extremely popular, displacing other software with more restrictive licenses.
What does open-source mean?
Open-source software is too different than the other software. Due to which people are still using it. Open-source software makes its source code available to others who like to view that code, copy it, learn from it, alter it or share.
Open-source software Promote Collaboration and sharing because they allow other to make modification to source code and incorporate that code into their own project.
Some open-source licenses ensure that anyone who alters and then shares a program with others must also share that program’s source code without charging a license fee for it.
In other words, computer programmers can access, view, and modify open-source software whenever they like as long as they let others do the same when they share their work.
What is closed source software?
Some software has source code that cannot be modified by anyone but the person, team, or organization that created it and maintain exclusive control over it.
This kind of software is frequently called proprietary software or closed source software because its source code is the property of its original author, who is the only one who legally allows to copy or modify it.
In order to use proprietary software, the computer user must agree that they will not do anything with the software that the software’s author has not expressly permitted.
Many people prefer open-source software because they have more control over that kind of software. Everything has its advantages and disadvantages similarly open-source software have also some advantages and disadvantages.
Advantages of open source software
- Open-source software is free to use, distribute and modify.
- Open-source software takes lesser hardware power to carry out the proprietary software.
- It is more secure and less prone to bugs than a proprietary system because it has so many users distributed all around the world working on it.
- The companies using open-source software do not have to think about the company’s model and do not need anti-privacy measures like product activation or serial number.
- It helps eliminates the single point of failure.
- It is used as a democratic forum for action.
- Users can install software freely into any computer.
Disadvantages of open source software
- Less user-friendly in use because less attention is paid to developing the user interface.
- An open-source operating system like Linux cannot be learned in a day. They require effort and possibly training from your side are able to master them. You may need to hire a trained person to make things easier and this will add an additional cost.
- Open-source software requires more technical knowledge than proprietary System, so may need to put extra time and effort to understand and use it.
- Less support available, open-source software tends to rely on its community of users to respond and fix problems.
- Many of the latest hardware devices are incompatible with the open-source platform.
Conclusion on “open-source software”
So, the reason for the success of this somewhat communist-sounding strategy, while the failure of communism itself is visible around the world.
Anyways, due to the proper use of open-source software, it is easy to handle all the tasks within a short period of time as well as we can secure our data with proper code which is difficult for the hacker to hack that code.
In comparison, you can’t copy a loaf of bread without a pound of flour.