Information Security & Cyber Crime

IT protection is a series of cybersecurity techniques that protects organizational assets such as computers, networks, and data from unauthorized access. It protects the integrity and confidentiality of sensitive data by preventing hackers from accessing it.

Concept of Cyber crime

Cybercrime is described as an illegal activity carried out by the use of computers and the Internet. This can range from stealing millions of dollars from online bank accounts to uploading unauthorized music files.

Some other offenses such as producing and spreading viruses on other machines or publishing sensitive business details on the Internet are also included in cybercrime.

Malicious software and Spam

Spam is described as unwanted and unintended messages sent to a large number of people.

Malicious software (malware) is a series of instructions that run on your machine and cause your device to do something that allows an attacker to control it to do what he wants.

Malware is typically spread through phishing, malicious files, or malicious downloads, but it can also be spread through media exchanges or flash drives.

What are the different Types of Malware?

Computer Virus Trojan - Free image on Pixabay
  • Ransomware
  • Fileless Malware
  • Spyware
  • Adware
  • Trojans
  • Worms
  • Rootkits
  • Keyloggers
  • Bots
  • Mobile Malware

How to protect yourself from cybercrime?

  • Keep your personal and private information secure by using strong passwords.
  • Make sure the software is up to date. This is particularly extremely important when it comes to operating systems and internet security tools.
  • You should be careful that your mobile device can be infected with viruses and hacked.
  • Activate the firewall to protect your device.
  • The first line of cybersecurity is a firewall. They can block links to unknown or fake websites, as well as viruses and hackers.
  • Anti-virus and anti-malware apps will prevent viruses from infecting your computer. Anti-virus applications should be updated on a daily basis.
  • Apps can only be downloaded from reliable sources.

Intellectual Property Right

The ownership of an idea or concept by the person who came up with it is referred to as intellectual property (IP). No one else can copy or reproduce it without the owner’s permission.

Intellectual property rights are the rights granted to individuals for their mental works. For a set period of time, they normally grant the creator exclusive rights to use his or her work.

In March 2017, Nepal finalized a new Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Strategy. This policy served as the basis for drafting an IPR draft law, which is currently being reviewed.

The Copyright Act of 2002 protects most modern forms of authorship for long periods of time. The majority of these policies will be revised in compliance with the current IPR Policy.

Four types of intellectual property are: copyrights, patents, trademarks, and trade secrets.

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