Cyber Law is the area that deals with the internet and technological and electronic elements, such as computers, software, hardware & information systems. It is also called internet law.
Cyber law refers to the relationship between the Internet and technical and electronic elements such as computers, software, hardware, and information systems.
Simply stated, cyber law is the legal framework for combating computer crime and harassment.
- It has strong provisions for punishing cybercrime.
- It gives digital signatures and electronic documents legal rights, which are then used in electronic banking, shopping, and commerce.
- It creates rules for the creation of a justice system devoted solely to computer crimes.
Sometime the Cyber Law is said similar to The Electronic Transactions Act, 2063 (2008).
ETA, 2063 establish legal provisions for the authentication and regularization of the recognition, validity, integrity, and reliability of the generation, production, processing, storage, communication, and transmission system of electronic records by ensuring the reliability and security of transactions carried out through electronic data exchange or any other means of electronic communications.
When was the Cyber Law in Nepal was established?
The first cyber law was the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA), which was enacted in 1986.
On the 30th Bhadra, 2061 B.S., a cyber law was developed to tackle computer crime and violence.
In 2004, Nepal passed the much-awaited Electronic Transaction and Digital Signature Act Ordinance known as Cyber Law of Nepal. The government also passed the Electronic Transactions Act (ETA), 2063 (2008), and Electronic Transaction Regulations (ETR) in 2064 (2007).
Electronic Transaction Act 2063
Electronic Transaction Act 2063 has 12 chapters:
- Preliminary Statement
- The provisions related to electronic records and digital signatures
- Provisions relating to Dispatch, Receipt, and Acknowledgement of Electronic Records.
- Provisions relating to controller and Certifying Authority
- Provisions relating to Digital Signature and Certificates
- Functions, Duties and Rights of Subscriber
- Electronic record and government use of digital signature
- Provisions relating to network service
- Offence relating to computer
- Provisions relating to Information Technology Tribunal
- Provisions relating to Information technology Appellate Tribunal
Major Areas of Cyber Law
Cyber Law deals with following areas:
- Computer crime such as Hacking & Cracking.
- Telecommunication Law looks after the emission, transmission, and reception of signals & many others.
- Digital Signature
- Internet of Things (IoT)
- Identity Theft